Friday, December 27, 2019
Lewis Carroll was born on January 27, 1832, as Charles Lutwidge Dodgson to a family of workers in the army and Church (and a whole family full of CharlesÃ¢â¬â¢). His great-grandfather, also Charles Dodgson, had been a bishop. His grandfather, another Charles Dodgson, had been an army captain and ended up being killed in battle, leaving two children behind. The elder son, Charles, went to Westminster and then Oxford. This Charles married his cousin in 1827 and became a country parson. Out of this marriage came yet another Charles. Our Charles, who came to use the penname of Lewis Carroll (and, gee, I wonder why). He was the third of eleven children who, remarkably, all lived to adulthood. The first years of his education were spent at home and consisted of reading materials and progressing at his own rate. By the age of seven, he was reading The PilgrimÃ¢â¬â¢s Progress. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s been said that he was originally left-handed but was forced to adapt to use his right hand, which wa s not an uncommon practice at the time. There is no evidence of such a thing happening, though, nor of the trauma it supposedly caused a young Carroll (VictorianWeb). He began attending Oxford in 1851. After attending the school for two days, however, he was called home due to his motherÃ¢â¬â¢s death. Young Charles didnÃ¢â¬â¢t let her death distract too much from his path at Oxford. He did not always give his best or work his hardest in his academic career, but he was an exceptionally gifted student and achievement cameShow MoreRelated The Mathematical Aspects of Lewis Carrolls Alice in Wonderland1310 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Mathematical Aspects of Lewis Carrolls Alice in Wonderland The story Alice in Wonderland was written about a little girl named Alice who was a child of the dean of the Church of Christ. Alice Liddell was the one who convinced Charles Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) to write down the verbal story originally known as Alices Adventure Underground.Actually, the book is known by several different names, Alices Hours in Elfand,Alices Adventures in Wonderland, and Alice in Wonderland.I found it interestingRead MoreAnalysis Of The Fairy Tale 1580 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswith an understanding of the moral codes of society. In the fairy tale Ã¢â¬Å"Alice in WonderlandÃ¢â¬ by Lewis Carroll, children learn the importance of having a middle ground when setting ethical rules in order to maintain a perfect society. In this fairy tale, the protagonist Alice is constantly contemplating about her purpose in life as she goes on this journey and asks herself Ã¢â¬Å"Who in the world am I?Ã¢â¬ (Lewis 19). This is something that children often struggle to understand and in order to grasp the coreRead MoreFacing Adolescence in AliceÃ¢â¬â¢s Adventures in Wonderland Essays1485 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLewis Carroll exemplifies the inevitable changes all children face when they enter the adult world in his novel, AliceÃ¢â¬â¢s Adventures in Wonderland, by taking readers on a compelling journey through the adolescence of a young girl who struggles to find her identity in a realm she cannot comprehend. Carroll personifies this trying journey through the protagonist, Alice. Alice is a seven year old girl, growing up in the Victorian Age, a time of rapid change and development. Ã¢â¬Å"Alice is engaged in a romanceRead MoreSongs of Innocence and Songs of Experience by William Blake Essay example1126 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthem and Lewis CarrollÃ¢â¬â¢s AliceÃ¢â¬â¢s Adventures in Wonderland. Blake, considered a radical thinker in his time, is today thought to be an important and seminal figure in the literature of the Romantic period. Being such a figure he has no doubt helped to influence many great thinkers throughout history, one of whom I believe is Carroll. There are many instances throughout CarrollÃ¢â¬â¢s story where comparable concepts of innocence and adulthood are evident. Through its themes of romanticism, Carroll craftsRead MoreLewis Carrolls Life and Works Essay2491 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesLewis Carroll, born Charles Dodgson, was a writer, mathematician, photographer, and a man of religion. Lewis Carroll is a well known British writer throughout the world. As a child, Carroll ente rtained his brothers and sister as well as the children of his best friend when he was an adult. Lewis Carroll went through many challenges as he was matured, and even though he had to overcome them, his imagination only grew in strength and never waned until near his death. His work of art in the childRead MoreAlices Adventure in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll2035 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesLewis Carrolls Ã¢â¬Å"Alices Adventure In Wonderland Ã¢â¬ a tale of a young girl named Alice who sits on a riverbank one day, reading over her sisterÃ¢â¬â¢s shoulder. She got so bored that she fell asleep, and in her dream she sees a White Rabbit running through the woods that she followed down a rabbit hole into a magical world called Wonderland. Alice follows the Rabbit down the hole and stumbles upon a great hallway filled with different doors.she a table with a tiny golden key, and a bottle of potion withRead MoreAliceÃ¢â¬â¢s Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass2525 Word s Ã |Ã 11 Pagesmeaningless, they permit one a chance to create a place where one can rehearse the future and imagine new adventures without risk. Allowing the mind to roam without restrictions can show us who were really are and how we perceive the world around us. Lewis Carroll uses these fantastical thoughts as a foundation for that of Wonderland, a bizarre and seemingly absurd world in which, AliceÃ¢â¬â¢s Adventure in Wonderland and the sequel, Through the Looking Glass occur. These novels both depict the journey and adventureRead MoreÃ «AliceÃ¢â¬â¢s Adventures in WonderlandÃ »7735 Words Ã |Ã 31 PagesMINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE OF UKRAINE IVAN FRANKO NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF LVIV ENGLISH DEPARTMENT LEXICAL AND STYLISTIC DEVICES IN LEWIS CAROLLÃ¢â¬â¢S NOVEL Ã «ALICEÃ¢â¬â¢S ADVENTURES IN WONDERLANDÃ » COURSE PAPER PRESENTED BY Read MoreAlice In Wonderland Archetypes1298 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesschools and the study of archetypes, literature can be taken a step further and bring out one of the possible meanings that was intended by the writer by analysing this schools and theories. In AliceÃ¢â¬â¢s Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll, archetypes invite readers to look at the story in more depth, feminism is shown in a way that dares the Victorian standards of a woman, and the patterns which heroes follow can be spotted. To begin, archetypes are highly evident in this novel. To begin, the plotRead MoreAlice in Wonderland - Nonsense? Essay1805 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesPlaces and Things Tewksbury, MA: Free paper Inc., 1999./center br br brLewis Carrolls works Alices Adventures in Wonderland Through the Looking Glass and What Alice Found There are by many people considered nonsense books for children. Of course, they are, but they are also much more. Lewis Carroll had a great talent of intertwining nonsense and logic, and therefore creating sense within nonsense. If you look past the nonsense you can find a new meaning other than the one you found completing
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Author Wheelan writes, Life is about trade-offs, and so is economics. Indeed, so is Naked Economics. This book promises to be a good introduction to economics for the layman. Throughout the book, the author uses easy-to-understand language and vivid examples to illustrate his points in strategic places maintaining a sense of lightness with the readers in reading the material. Here is a summary of each of the 12 Chapters of the book Naked Economics: Undressing the Dismal Science by Charles Wheelan. CHAPTER 1 - The Power of Markets: Who feeds Paris? The first chapter begins with an interesting story about how an advertising strategy by Coca Cola Europe proves to be a losing proposition at the start of 1989 but ends in impressiveÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦CHAPTER 4 Ãâ" Government and the Economy II Ãâ" The army was lucky to get that screwdriver for $500. In this chapter, Wheelan shares two lessons about the role of government in the economy. These are: First, he states that the government must not be the sole provider of a good or service unless there is a compelling reason to believe that the private sector will fail in that role. He expounds further that the government will be freer to take care of things that need to be really handled by the government. There are things that the government should not be doing because when it dips its hands on that, it will presumably be inefficient. He cites the example of postal mail. He posits that the technology today has radically changed and things need to be implemented differently. The second point is that even if the government has an important role to play in the economy, it need not be the actual one to do the work (p 66). CHAPTER 5 Ãâ" Economics of Information: McDonalds didnt create a better hamburger This chapter deals with the essence of information, how one acquires it, what one does with it, and how one makes decisions based on the information at hand. This fact is so basic and important, yet one can take this for granted. Wrong judgments and decisions occur when one needs to make a decisionShow MoreRelatedNaked Economics Essay616 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesPiedra P4 09/12/13 Chapter 1: The Power of Markets 1. What are the two basic assumptions that economists make about individuals and firms? First, we assume that all of these entities have unlimited wants. This assumption forms the basis of economics. It is the study of how entities try to fulfill these unlimited wants when confronted with limited resources. Second, we assume that all of these entities are rational actors. We assume that they typically act in ways that will help to achieveRead MoreQuestions for Naked Economics669 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesREAD: Naked Economics: Undressing the Dismal Science, Charles Wheeland, W.W. Norton, 2003. Completely- cover to cover. Directions: Create a time management plan for your reading schedule to ensure you have ample time to read the book. Set due dates for each chapter and each part of the assignment. Review your schedule with a parent or guardian. Expectations: Work must be typed, 12 point font, double-spaced. Label each section appropriately with each number. Please check your work for completeRead MoreNaked Economics: Essential Questions Essay643 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesREAD: Naked Economics: Undressing the Dismal Science, Charles Wheeland, W.W. Norton, 2003. Completely- cover to cover. Directions: Create a time management plan for your reading schedule to ensure you have ample time to read the book. Set due dates for each chapter and each part of the assignment. Review your schedule with a parent or guardian. Expectations: Work must be typed, 12 point font, double-spaced. Label each section appropriately with each number. Please check your work for completeRead MoreNaked Economics Ch. 1-6 Summaries Essay804 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesChapter 1 The Power of Markets Charles states as his number one point that economics is really unpredictable. He uses the Coca-Cola Company as a fine example for this. That company starts of turning out to be loss and failure but within 10 years since it started it turned out to be very profitable. Charles also states that markets are extreme powerhouses over individualÃ¢â¬â¢s daily lives. Markets are also self-correcting because they use prices to allocate their resources. Individuals all workRead MoreNaked Economics Chapter 1996 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageslt;p class=contentgt; lt;stronggt;Christopher Drew!lt;/stronggt;lt;br /gt; lt;a href=http://www.msplinks.com/MDFodHRwOi8vcGhvdG9idWNrZXQuY29tL2ltYWdlcy9jaHJpc3RvcGhlciUy MGRyZXc=gt;lt;img src=http://i803.photobucket.com/albums/yy319/Cosmos18/Decorated%20images/nevershoutnever22.jpg alt=OMG!! IT /gt;lt;/agt; lt;br /gt; lt;stronggt;Tyra Bankss!lt;/stronggt;lt;br /gt; lt;a href=http://www.msplinks.com/MDFodHRwOi8vd3d3LmZyZWVjb2Rlc291cmNlLmNvbQ==gt;lt;img alt=Read MoreNaked Economics : Undressing The Dismal Science1214 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages In the book, Naked Economics: Undressing the Dismal Science, Charles Wheelan is able to explain the complex science of economics in a way that makes it easy to understand and fun to read. Charles Wheelan connects current economic situations to past ones, like how recessions occur and how they can be ended or prevented. He also talks about how the Fed closely watches interest rates and inflation, and the relationship between inflation and money supply. Even though these topics are very importantRead MoreTui University Eco201-Microeconomics Module 1 Case Assignment1016 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesneed it. The same concept can be applied to the knowledge and skills that we have stockpiled in our brains. This type of investment is known as an investment into human capital. Human capital is the attributes of a person that are productive in some economic context. Often refers to formal educational attainment, with the implication that education is anÃ investmentÃ whose returns are in the form of wage, salary, or other compensation. These are normally measured and conceived of as private returns toRead MoreIs Free Trade PassÃ ©? Essay1172 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesparticular product (Carbaugh, 2011). Furthermore, based on economies of scale, nations with similar factor endowments will trade with each other as sometimes it is beneficial (Carbaugh, 2011). Arguments stemming from this new trade theory puts the economic case for free trade in doubt. Krugman presents two arguments against free trade based on the new trade theory. The first argument that opposes free trade is strategic trade policy. When a nation employs a strategic trade policy, the nationÃ¢â¬â¢sRead More Globalization and the Environment Essay examples1222 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEconomy is not a separate thing from production, consumption and exchange. Economics pays no attention to goods and services provided by nature, air, water, soil and sunlight that produce everything we need for survival and all the riches we are able to accumulate. What is the cost of globalization to the environment? Does globalization have the same goals for a healthy planet and justice for people? Timothy Taylor writes, Ã¢â¬Å"Moreover, large multinational companies typically do not perceive it toRead MoreGlobalization Of The United States Essay1744 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestheir manufactured goods. This principle works great for countries with good economies and many resources, but what about in developing countries where they donÃ¢â¬â¢t have comparative advantage in anything? Wheelan answers this question in his book Naked Economics. He says, Ã¢â¬Å"Workers in Bangladesh do not have to be better than American workers at producing anything for there to be gains from trade. Rather, they provide goods to us so that we can spend our time specializing at whatever we do best.Ã¢â¬ (Wheelan
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
Question: Discuss about theExport Management Planfor IOS System. Answer: Introduction: As the society continues to develop the standards for our lifestyle continues to advance in a rapid succession, and technology has become an integral part of our lives. No one can spend even an hour without the trusted device named smartphones. Smartphones have become the accessory that now dominates our lives (Balcilar Ozdemir, 2013). In the competition of smartphones and processor, IOS is the master. Apple products have always captured the customers with its unsurpassed technological advances and its brilliant innovations. In this report we will discuss the export plan for the expansion of the customer base of iphones to the technological hub Japan (Balcilar Ozdemir, 2013). Situational Analysis: iphones are the things of the present, sleek and suave in design and loaded with power packed technologies, there is only little that an iphone cannot do in class. The operating system in an iphone is the revolutionary IOS system which is unsurpassed in quality and speed. The smartphones have their own apple app store that comes with a myriad of different apps that will blow your mind with variety. The performance stats of the iphones are tremendous surpassing that of the android and windows counterparts and are the first choice when it comes with the display and camera quality as well (Cecere, Corrocher Battaglia, 2015). The customer satisfaction in case of iphones revels in its huge and almost craze like popularity and is almost the first choice of any youngster. The fact that the iphone operating systems are secure and the risk for viruses are negligible it increases the viability of the product further. The looks department of the phones are the USP of these smartphones, with sleek black or white design or the newest addition of pastel colours like gold and rose gold, the iphones are a style statement no one wants to miss out on (Cecere, Corrocher Battaglia, 2015). Origin and Growth: The journey of iphones began in the year of 2004, by the hands of Jonathan Ives, the designer and Steve Jobs, the CEO (Apple.com, 2017). The brand that started its journey with imac and ipods has come a long and exciting way. The origin country for the iphones is the hip and happening USA where life is fast forward and technology is everywhere. The US market embraced these beautiful smartphones with open arms and their journey to tremendous success began. It has to be considered that the market cultures of the USA market are very adaptive and open to changes (Cecere, Corrocher Battaglia, 2015). The American culture rarely sticks to old believes and norms and hence the ground breaking technology and innovation supplied by apple was made immensely popular within a very short time. Now the apple is a multibillion dollar worth brand with its products made a social necessity and object of class and style (Cecere, Corrocher Battaglia, 2015). Cultural Overview: Apple iphones have enjoyed a monopolized and fantastic reception in the USA customer base and has managed to elicit the same response when it was launched to the European market (Apple.com, 2017). However the Asian market culture is a bit different. Japan is already phenomenal in its technological innovations and are popular for breaking in the market with technological super products one after the other. Eliciting the same craze like reception for the iphones in the Japanese market (Dunfee Nagayasu, 2013). The Japanese market culture is not much inclined towards the foreign based products and is more receptive towards the home products. With Japan being one step ahead from the world in technology it is going to be difficult to establish a strong hold in the market (Lockwood, 2015). However taking the teens and early tweens into consideration luring them in with the global popularity of iphones can be of supreme help to establish the foundation for the iphones in the Japanese market. Languages however can be a typical hurdle in the path of success for this product into the Japanese market (Morgan, Katsikeas Vorhies, 2012). Political Context: The Japanese are not much friendly towards the import of foreign techn9olo9gical devices and there are various rules and regulations in place that poses a hundred restrictions to import of foreign technological items. The economy of Japan is very tight knit and there are even regulations in this country that prohibits the residents to plug in their foreign tech items of the domestic wi fi sites (Morgan, Katsikeas Vorhies, 2012). Therefore there will be a large number of restrictions and oversights that will prove to be challenging for the iphones to set up a stable customer base in the country. Moreover the import taxes will burn a hole in the company budget as well (Srensen, 2012). Export Plan: GOALS STRATEGIES TIMELINE Target the young generation of teens and pre-tweens of the Japanese population. Increase the online media marketing exponentially. Promote the catchy looks and features of the phone to capture their attention (Tsuru, 2013). Short-term Within the first month of the business year. Get the import permit. Get the documentation and import billing procedure done within the prelaunch marketing period to build up the craze in the market (Srensen, 2012). Short term Within the second month of the business year. Market screening Send out samples to the selected group of youngsters for a ,limited amount of time to use to build up the craze. Short term In the third month of the business year. Launch the product in the Japanese market. Open up franchise and brand stores at prime locations to spice up the sell. Consider online seller accounts to mount the customer base (Tsuru, 2013). Long term Within the middle of the business year. Economic Development Plan: The economy of Japan has progressed radically in the last decade; the technologi8cal advances have taken Japan to the top of the money market within the last few years (Tsuru, 2013). Japan has successfully taken its economical status to being the third largest in the world and proudly holds the domination of the money market. With the literacy stats more than 100%, the population of Japan is financially stable enjoying a standard lifestyle at large (Wild, Wild Han, 2014). With the purchasing power parity considerably high in Japan expanding our customer base to Japan will be significantly beneficial and will bring home considerable profit and recognition in the Asian countries. Summary: On a concluding note it can be said that iphone being a massive style statement dominating the market in USA and Europe are already at the pinnacle of success. Adding the Asian technological hub Japan into the spread of the product will be a nice little addition to the consumer market. It has to be considered that in the era global online marketing a product that is not used by the majority all over world a product cannot survive the rough tides in this dynamic economy. Therefore expanding into the tech-savvy population of Japan will prove to be the first step towards apple gaining domination in the Asian market as well. Reference List: Balcilar, M., Ozdemir, Z. A. (2013). The export-output growth nexus in Japan: a bootstrap rolling window approach.Empirical Economics, 1-22. Cecere, G., Corrocher, N., Battaglia, R. D. (2015). Innovation and competition in the smartphone industry: Is there a dominant design?.Telecommunications Policy,39(3), 162-175. Dunfee, T. W., Nagayasu, Y. (Eds.). (2013).Business ethics: Japan and the global economy(Vol. 5). Springer Science Business Media. iPhone. (2017). Apple. Retrieved 24 April 2017, from https://www.apple.com/iphone Kakihara, M. (2014). Grasping a Global View of Smartphone Diffusion: An Analysis from a Global Smartphone Study. InICMB(p. 11). Lockwood, W. W. (2015).Economic development of Japan. Princeton University Press. Morgan, N. A., Katsikeas, C. S., Vorhies, D. W. (2012). Export marketing strategy implementation, export marketing capabilities, and export venture performance.Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science,40(2), 271-289. Srensen, H. E. (2012). Business development. InPalgrave Encyclopedia of Strategic Management. Macmillan Publishers Ltd. Tsuru, S. (2013).The political economy of the environment: the case of Japan. AC Black. Wild, J., Wild, K. L., Han, J. C. (2014).International business. Pearson Education Limited.
Wednesday, December 4, 2019
Taoism And Buddhism Taoism and Buddhism were born in the same century. Siddhartha reached enlightenment in approximately 535 B.C. and Lao Tzu's teachings were recorded around 500 B.C. There are many similarities in the basics of these two religions. Some of the similarities can be seen clearly when examining the three meaning of Tao. The first definition of Tao is "the way of ultimate reality." This means that Tao cannot be percieved, defined, talked about, or thought of. It is too big a concept for humans to comprehend. As in the first line of the Tao Te Ching (the Taoist text meaning The Way and Its Power): "The Tao that can be spoken is not the true Tao." This is very similar to the Buddhist idea of Nirvana or Enlightenment. Nirvana cannot be understood by one who has not attained it. Even when one has reached Nirvana, he cannot describe it to others, but only help others to reach it as well. In its second sense, Tao means "the way of the universe." Tao is something that goes through all beings, all of the earth. It is everywhere, all the time. It is something that flows through everything. This flowing idea links with the idea in Buddhism that Nirvana can be reached by anyone, as long as one is devoted enough and has lost all attachments. Thirdly, one life must be a certain way to work with the Tao: Tao also refers to "the way of human life" as it "meshes" with the universal Tao in its second sense. This fundamental idea of Taoism has much to do with the "view of unity of man with Heaven and Earth, that is, with Nature." Buddhists also believe that one must live in a certain harmony with nature and the universe to reach Nirvana, or, as it is in Taoism, be at one with the Tao. Another vital concept of Taoism is that of the wu-wei which is to achieve action through minimal action or inaction. Action is friction and inaction is pure effectiveness in Taoism. This concept compares with Buddhist meditation in which one remains perfectly still and uses only one's mind. In this state, one may reach enlightenment. Also, in the Tao Te Ching (13) an idea close to the Buddhist idea of reincarnation is illustrated: Attain to the goal of absolute emptiness, keep to the state of perfect peace. All things come into existence, And thence we see them return. ...Earth goes back to its origin... ...He who knows eternity is called enlightened. He who does not know eternity is running blindly into miseries..." Buddhist reincarnation is the concept that one must go through many cycles of birth, living, and death. After many such cycles, if a person releases their attachment to desire and the self, he can attain Nirvana. In the third and fourth lines of the Taoist passage above, the basic idea of Buddhist reincarnation is explained. In the idea of reincarnation lies the belief that a person will be born and reborn until he or she reaches Nirvana. Taoists also believe in that basic idea: "The Tao surrounds everyone and therefore everyone must listen to find enlightenment." As you can see, although Taoism is more of a philosophy and less of a religion as Buddhism is, there are many similarities.
Wednesday, November 27, 2019
17145007315200 Emma Nicholas Professor Liffiton ENG 102 02 October 2016 0 Emma Nicholas Professor Liffiton ENG 102 02 October 2016 14859002743200 Khmer Rouge Gone Rogue : Cambodian Genocide Khmer Rouge Gone Rogue : Cambodian Genocide Khmer Rouge Gone Rogue Within the borders of a small Southeast Asian country of Cambodia, the majority of the residents were dealt a very bad hand. Primitively, it was agree with evil or be killed. From 1975-1978, the Khmer Rouge leader, Pol Pot, attempted to "nationalize and centralize the peasant farming society of Cambodia virtually overnight[this] resulted in the gradual devastation of over 25% of the country's population" ( Krkljes). In less then four years twenty-five percent of a nation would be gone, wiped out, being equivalent to 70 million Americans, being one of the worst mass killings of the twentieth century. Under the dictator leadership of Pol Pot, the Khmer Rouge attempted the take over of Cambodia to bring it back to the middle a ges, constraining millions of people from the city to work as slaves on communal farms. In order to understand why the events in Cambodia constitute a genocide according to the UN Resolution 260 III A, it is necessary to look at the "killing members of the group; deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group" (General Assembly). Killing members of the Khmer group was a heinous crime in which millions were eliminated due to an evil process accounted by one of the fortunate survivors. To define killing, one could seek out the descriptive definition in which to apply to the Cambodian genocide, that is "to deprive of life in any manner; cause the death of to destroy or neutralize" (The Definition of Kill). The lethal revolutionary group, Khmer Rouge was brutal in recruiting people with intent to revolutionize Cambodian Society; resulting somewhere between 1.5-3 million deaths throughout the country in just three short years. The country lays host to the Killing Fields, which refer to the largest physical evidence of the genocide . These fields took place not shortly after the takeover of power by Pol Pot and his Khmer Rouge regime followers (Jarvis) . Consisting of mass graves with innocent Cambodians, their bodies lying as corpses with the ground surrounding them riddled with clothe s; t his being their callous resting place for their unlucky forced deaths. " City people were persecutednot only civil servants and military from the former regime, the elite, and professionals, but also urban workers. Some 35% of the population of the capital city o f Phnom Penh on April 17, 1975, did not survive, compared to an 8% loss from the remote a nd rural northeastern provinces" (Jarvis). It was through executions, exhaustion, starvation and disease that made the enemy so effect in executing so many helpless victims. Pol Pot had quite the laundry list of many blatantly cruel methods of killing and torturing the victims that were hapless to get caught. Some of the evil ways were physical as well as they were psychological, equally monstrous . " Fo r one thing, there was a torture [killing] method where a cloth would be placed over the head, obscuring the person's eyesight and limiting the breath, and then water would be poured continuously over the cloth. This gave the feeling of drowning and it only took a few minutes before the person would succumb [to death due to drow n ing] " (Year Zero). Water , appeared to be extremely effective . " People were held upside down in water, put in boiling hot water, were splashed with boiling hot water, and so fort h [dying from third degree burns] " (Year Zero). These held as more creative' ways to individually kill victims, otherwise most were mass murdered over large graves with firearms. In one account, a fortunate survivor from all the cruel festivities came across a terror "when I went to the water well to fetch water, I found it full with floating bodies" (Cambodian Genocide: Leng Houth Personal Account). " In a way to cultivate the growth of Cambodia and also
Sunday, November 24, 2019
Tundra Land Biome Description and Characteristics Biomes are the worlds major habitats. These habitats are identified by the vegetation and animals that populate them. The location of each biome is determined by the regional climate. The tundra biome is characterized by extremely cold temperatures and treeless, frozen landscapes. There are two types of tundra, the arctic tundra and the alpine tundra. Key Takeaways: Tundra Biome The two types of tundra, arctic and alpine, have distinct differencesArctic tundra regions are located between coniferous forests and the north pole, while alpine tundra regions can be anywhere in the worlds high elevationsArctic tundra vegetation is mostly limited due to a number of inhospitable conditions.Tropical alpine tundra vegetation consists of a variety of short shrubs, grasses, Ã¢â¬â¹and perennialsAnimals that live in tundra regions are uniquely suited to endure the harsh conditions Tundra The arctic tundra is located between the north pole and the coniferous forests or taiga region. It is characterized by extremely cold temperatures and land that remains frozen year-round. Arctic tundra occurs in frigid mountaintop regions at very high elevations. Alpine tundra can be found in high elevations anywhere in the world, even in tropic regions. Although the land is not frozen year-round as in arctic tundra regions, these lands are typically covered in snow for most of the year. This image shows permafrost melting in the arctic region of Svalbard, Norway. Jeff Vanuga/Corbis/Getty Images Climate The arctic tundra is located in the extreme northern hemisphere around the north pole. This area experiences low amounts of precipitation and extremely cold temperatures for most of the year. The arctic tundra typically receives less than 10 inches of precipitation per year (mostly in the form of snow) with temperatures averaging below minus 30 degrees Fahrenheit in winter. In summer, the sun remains in the sky during the day and night. Summer temperatures average between 35-55 degrees Fahrenheit. The alpine tundra biome is also a cold climate region with temperatures averaging below freezing at night. This area receives more precipitation throughout the year than the arctic tundra. The average annual precipitation is around 20 inches. Most of this precipitation is in the form of snow. The alpine tundra is also a very windy area. Strong winds blow at speeds exceeding 100 miles per hour. Location Some locations of arctic and alpine tundra include: Arctic Tundra North America - Northern Alaska, Canada, GreenlandNorthern Europe - ScandinaviaNorthern Asia - Siberia Alpine Tundra North America - Alaska, Canada, U.S.A., and MexicoNorthern Europe - Finland, Norway, Russia, and SwedenAsia - Southern Asia (Himalayan Mountains), and Japan (Mt. Fuji)Africa - Mt. KilimanjaroSouth America - Andes Mountains Vegetation Alaska Cottongrass. NCTC Image Library/USFWSÃ Due to dry conditions, poor soil quality, extremely cold temperatures, and permafrost, vegetation in arctic tundra regions is limited. Arctic tundra plants must adapt to the cold, dark conditions of the tundra as the sun does not rise during the winter months. These plants experience brief periods of growth in the summer when temperatures are warm enough for vegetation to grow. The vegetation consists of short shrubs and grasses. The frozen ground prevents plants with deep roots, like trees, from growing. Tropical alpine tundra areas are treeless plains located on mountains at extremely high altitudes. Unlike in the arctic tundra, the sun remains in the sky for about the same amount of time throughout the year. This enables the vegetation to grow at an almost constant rate. The vegetation consists of short shrubs, grasses, Ã¢â¬â¹and rosette perennials. Examples of tundra vegetation include: lichens, mosses, sedges, perennial forbs, rosette, and dwarfed shrubs. Wildlife A moose in the tundra. Chase Dekker Wild-Life Images/Moment/Getty Images Animals of the arctic and alpine tundra biomes must adapt to cold and harsh conditions. Large mammals of the arctic, like musk ox and caribou, are heavily insulated against the cold and migrate to warmer areas in the winter. Smaller mammals, like the arctic ground squirrel, survive by burrowing and hibernating during the winter. Other arctic tundra animals include snowy owls, reindeer, polar bears, white foxes, lemmings, arctic hares, wolverines, caribou, migrating birds, mosquitoes, and black flies. Animals in the alpine tundra migrate to lower elevations in winter to escape the cold and find food. Animals here include marmots, mountain goats, bighorn sheep, elk, grizzly bears, springtails, beetles, grasshoppers, and butterflies.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Phonemic inventories - Assignment Example or instance, you have to begin with closed lips, build up some air pressure behind that closure, and then release it in a small burst (Bischoff and Fountain 2011:4). According to Bischoff and Fountain (2011), a vowel is a sound in an oral language made by opening the vocal tract such that, no air build up occurs above the glottis. For this reason, Ã¢â¬Ëvowel sounds are typically much darker (louder) than the consonant soundsÃ¢â¬â¢ (Bischoff and Fountain 2011: 6). Bischoff and Fountain (2011:42) defines phonetic inventory as the set of phones that are distinctive in a given language. Phonetic inventory is not simply a collection of sounds; rather it is more of a set of phonemic distinctions (Bischoff and Fountain 2011:11). Understanding of phonemic inventory of a language helps learners of the language make complex combinations of features with ease (Bischoff and Fountain 2011:11). According to Bischoff and Fountain (2011:41), a minimal pair is a pair of words that have distinct meanings, but that differ only with respect to a single phone. (Bischoff and Fountain 2011:41) further says that the existence of a minimal pair is proof that the phonetic distinction between the differing phones is phonemic in the relevant language. Minimal pairs help us to discover which phonetic properties are distinctive, or phonemic, in a language (Bischoff and Fountain 2011:6). My illustration of the IPA article is about Bardi, a language spoken in Western Kimberly Region in Northwestern Australia (Claire et al. 2012: 334). Bardi consists of 17 consonant phonemes, twelve (12) of which are sonorant, and has no fricatives (Claire et al. 2012: 337). Bardi is important as I investigate my field language, because, itself also being in the Austronesia family, it helps me understand the corresponding use of speech sounds in Mocinese. Noticeable similarities and differences between Mocinese and Bardi exist, with regards to their consonantal arrangement. A major similarity is that, all Bardi