Wednesday, November 27, 2019

17145007315200 Essays - Khmer Rouge, Southeast Asia,

17145007315200 Emma Nicholas Professor Liffiton ENG 102 02 October 2016 0 Emma Nicholas Professor Liffiton ENG 102 02 October 2016 14859002743200 Khmer Rouge Gone Rogue : Cambodian Genocide Khmer Rouge Gone Rogue : Cambodian Genocide Khmer Rouge Gone Rogue Within the borders of a small Southeast Asian country of Cambodia, the majority of the residents were dealt a very bad hand. Primitively, it was agree with evil or be killed. From 1975-1978, the Khmer Rouge leader, Pol Pot, attempted to "nationalize and centralize the peasant farming society of Cambodia virtually overnight[this] resulted in the gradual devastation of over 25% of the country's population" ( Krkljes). In less then four years twenty-five percent of a nation would be gone, wiped out, being equivalent to 70 million Americans, being one of the worst mass killings of the twentieth century. Under the dictator leadership of Pol Pot, the Khmer Rouge attempted the take over of Cambodia to bring it back to the middle a ges, constraining millions of people from the city to work as slaves on communal farms. In order to understand why the events in Cambodia constitute a genocide according to the UN Resolution 260 III A, it is necessary to look at the "killing members of the group; deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group" (General Assembly). Killing members of the Khmer group was a heinous crime in which millions were eliminated due to an evil process accounted by one of the fortunate survivors. To define killing, one could seek out the descriptive definition in which to apply to the Cambodian genocide, that is "to deprive of life in any manner; cause the death of to destroy or neutralize" (The Definition of Kill). The lethal revolutionary group, Khmer Rouge was brutal in recruiting people with intent to revolutionize Cambodian Society; resulting somewhere between 1.5-3 million deaths throughout the country in just three short years. The country lays host to the Killing Fields, which refer to the largest physical evidence of the genocide . These fields took place not shortly after the takeover of power by Pol Pot and his Khmer Rouge regime followers (Jarvis) . Consisting of mass graves with innocent Cambodians, their bodies lying as corpses with the ground surrounding them riddled with clothe s; t his being their callous resting place for their unlucky forced deaths. " City people were persecutednot only civil servants and military from the former regime, the elite, and professionals, but also urban workers. Some 35% of the population of the capital city o f Phnom Penh on April 17, 1975, did not survive, compared to an 8% loss from the remote a nd rural northeastern provinces" (Jarvis). It was through executions, exhaustion, starvation and disease that made the enemy so effect in executing so many helpless victims. Pol Pot had quite the laundry list of many blatantly cruel methods of killing and torturing the victims that were hapless to get caught. Some of the evil ways were physical as well as they were psychological, equally monstrous . " Fo r one thing, there was a torture [killing] method where a cloth would be placed over the head, obscuring the person's eyesight and limiting the breath, and then water would be poured continuously over the cloth. This gave the feeling of drowning and it only took a few minutes before the person would succumb [to death due to drow n ing] " (Year Zero). Water , appeared to be extremely effective . " People were held upside down in water, put in boiling hot water, were splashed with boiling hot water, and so fort h [dying from third degree burns] " (Year Zero). These held as more creative' ways to individually kill victims, otherwise most were mass murdered over large graves with firearms. In one account, a fortunate survivor from all the cruel festivities came across a terror "when I went to the water well to fetch water, I found it full with floating bodies" (Cambodian Genocide: Leng Houth Personal Account). " In a way to cultivate the growth of Cambodia and also

Sunday, November 24, 2019

Tundra Land Biome Description and Characteristics

Tundra Land Biome Description and Characteristics Biomes are the worlds major habitats. These habitats are identified by the vegetation and animals that populate them. The location of each biome is determined by the regional climate. The tundra biome is characterized by extremely cold temperatures and treeless, frozen landscapes. There are two types of tundra, the arctic tundra and the alpine tundra. Key Takeaways: Tundra Biome The two types of tundra, arctic and alpine, have distinct differencesArctic tundra regions are located between coniferous forests and the north pole, while alpine tundra regions can be anywhere in the worlds high elevationsArctic tundra vegetation is mostly limited due to a number of inhospitable conditions.Tropical alpine tundra vegetation consists of a variety of short shrubs, grasses, ​and perennialsAnimals that live in tundra regions are uniquely suited to endure the harsh conditions Tundra The arctic tundra is located between the north pole and the coniferous forests or taiga region. It is characterized by extremely cold temperatures and land that remains frozen year-round. Arctic tundra occurs in frigid mountaintop regions at very high elevations. Alpine tundra can be found in high elevations anywhere in the world, even in tropic regions. Although the land is not frozen year-round as in arctic tundra regions, these lands are typically covered in snow for most of the year. This image shows permafrost melting in the arctic region of Svalbard, Norway. Jeff Vanuga/Corbis/Getty Images Climate The arctic tundra is located in the extreme northern hemisphere around the north pole. This area experiences low amounts of precipitation and extremely cold temperatures for most of the year. The arctic tundra typically receives less than 10 inches of precipitation per year (mostly in the form of snow) with temperatures averaging below minus 30 degrees Fahrenheit in winter. In summer, the sun remains in the sky during the day and night. Summer temperatures average between 35-55 degrees Fahrenheit. The alpine tundra biome is also a cold climate region with temperatures averaging below freezing at night. This area receives more precipitation throughout the year than the arctic tundra. The average annual precipitation is around 20 inches. Most of this precipitation is in the form of snow. The alpine tundra is also a very windy area. Strong winds blow at speeds exceeding 100 miles per hour. Location Some locations of arctic and alpine tundra include: Arctic Tundra North America - Northern Alaska, Canada, GreenlandNorthern Europe - ScandinaviaNorthern Asia - Siberia Alpine Tundra North America - Alaska, Canada, U.S.A., and MexicoNorthern Europe - Finland, Norway, Russia, and SwedenAsia - Southern Asia (Himalayan Mountains), and Japan (Mt. Fuji)Africa - Mt. KilimanjaroSouth America - Andes Mountains Vegetation Alaska Cottongrass. NCTC Image Library/USFWSÂ   Due to dry conditions, poor soil quality, extremely cold temperatures, and permafrost, vegetation in arctic tundra regions is limited. Arctic tundra plants must adapt to the cold, dark conditions of the tundra as the sun does not rise during the winter months. These plants experience brief periods of growth in the summer when temperatures are warm enough for vegetation to grow. The vegetation consists of short shrubs and grasses. The frozen ground prevents plants with deep roots, like trees, from growing. Tropical alpine tundra areas are treeless plains located on mountains at extremely high altitudes. Unlike in the arctic tundra, the sun remains in the sky for about the same amount of time throughout the year. This enables the vegetation to grow at an almost constant rate. The vegetation consists of short shrubs, grasses, ​and rosette perennials. Examples of tundra vegetation include: lichens, mosses, sedges, perennial forbs, rosette, and dwarfed shrubs. Wildlife A moose in the tundra. Chase Dekker Wild-Life Images/Moment/Getty Images Animals of the arctic and alpine tundra biomes must adapt to cold and harsh conditions. Large mammals of the arctic, like musk ox and caribou, are heavily insulated against the cold and migrate to warmer areas in the winter. Smaller mammals, like the arctic ground squirrel, survive by burrowing and hibernating during the winter. Other arctic tundra animals include snowy owls, reindeer, polar bears, white foxes, lemmings, arctic hares, wolverines, caribou, migrating birds, mosquitoes, and black flies. Animals in the alpine tundra migrate to lower elevations in winter to escape the cold and find food. Animals here include marmots, mountain goats, bighorn sheep, elk, grizzly bears, springtails, beetles, grasshoppers, and butterflies.

Thursday, November 21, 2019

Phonemic inventories Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Phonemic inventories - Assignment Example or instance, you have to begin with closed lips, build up some air pressure behind that closure, and then release it in a small burst (Bischoff and Fountain 2011:4). According to Bischoff and Fountain (2011), a vowel is a sound in an oral language made by opening the vocal tract such that, no air build up occurs above the glottis. For this reason, ‘vowel sounds are typically much darker (louder) than the consonant sounds’ (Bischoff and Fountain 2011: 6). Bischoff and Fountain (2011:42) defines phonetic inventory as the set of phones that are distinctive in a given language. Phonetic inventory is not simply a collection of sounds; rather it is more of a set of phonemic distinctions (Bischoff and Fountain 2011:11). Understanding of phonemic inventory of a language helps learners of the language make complex combinations of features with ease (Bischoff and Fountain 2011:11). According to Bischoff and Fountain (2011:41), a minimal pair is a pair of words that have distinct meanings, but that differ only with respect to a single phone. (Bischoff and Fountain 2011:41) further says that the existence of a minimal pair is proof that the phonetic distinction between the differing phones is phonemic in the relevant language. Minimal pairs help us to discover which phonetic properties are distinctive, or phonemic, in a language (Bischoff and Fountain 2011:6). My illustration of the IPA article is about Bardi, a language spoken in Western Kimberly Region in Northwestern Australia (Claire et al. 2012: 334). Bardi consists of 17 consonant phonemes, twelve (12) of which are sonorant, and has no fricatives (Claire et al. 2012: 337). Bardi is important as I investigate my field language, because, itself also being in the Austronesia family, it helps me understand the corresponding use of speech sounds in Mocinese. Noticeable similarities and differences between Mocinese and Bardi exist, with regards to their consonantal arrangement. A major similarity is that, all Bardi